Liens entre les besoins non satisfaits, la qualité de vie et les caractéristiques des survivantes de cancers gynécologiques en Indonésie

Yati Afiyanti, Besral Besral, Haryani Haryani, Ariesta Milanti, Lina Anisa Nasution, Kemala Rita Wahidi, Dewi Gayatri


Les survivantes de cancers gynécologiques ont des besoins complexes très souvent négligés. La présente étude indonésienne vise à établir les liens entre les besoins non satisfaits, la qualité de vie et certaines caractéristiques particulières de ces survivantes. Au total, 298 participantes ont rempli le questionnaire sur les besoins non satisfaits des survivants au cancer (Cancer Survivor Unmet Needs ou CaSUN), le questionnaire sur la qualité de vie EORTC QLQ-C30 ainsi que les questionnaires démographiques et cliniques. L’étude, réalisée suivant un devis corrélationnel transversal, a établi un lien entre les besoins non satisfaits et la dégradation de la qualité de vie perçue. Plusieurs facteurs sont associés à l’augmentation des besoins insatisfaits : patients jeunes, revenu moindre, niveau d’éducation moyen, diagnostic récent, stade avancé de la maladie, et polythérapie (p < .05). Chez les survivantes indonésiennes d’un cancer gynécologique, le soutien financier (70,5 %) constitue le besoin le plus souvent insatisfait. À la fin des traitements primaires, elles ont besoin de soins globaux et continus pour gérer les problèmes, nouveaux comme anciens, causés par le cancer et le traitement.

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