Degrés de collaboration perçus entre les patients atteints de cancer et leurs prestataires de soins pendant la radiothérapie

Charlotte T. Lee, Jason C. Wong

Abstract


Cette étude décrit les tendances en matière de relations collaboratives entre les patients et les professionnels de la santé pendant la radiothérapie. Pour ce faire, 130 patients atteints de cancer et traités par radiothérapie dans un centre de cancérologie de l’Ontario ont répondu à un sondage ponctuel. Les principales variables de l’étude portaient sur la collaboration entre les patients et les prestataires de soins de santé et le bien-être des participants. L’étude a révélé que les patients collaboreraient mieux avec les infirmières, les radio-oncologues et les radiothérapeutes qu’avec les nutritionnistes, les travailleurs sociaux et le personnel d’accompagnement spirituel [F(5, 760) = 430,42, p<001]. Les participants qui vivaient davantage de détresse vis-à-vis leurs symptômes collaboraient toutefois mieux les travailleurs sociaux (p < .05) et les nutritionnistes (p < .05), par rapport à ceux qui vivaient moins de détresse. Nous avons émis l’hypothèse selon laquelle les participants dont les symptômes étaient moins contraignants ne ressentaient pas le besoin de rencontrer ces professionnels. Nous discutons actuellement des futures orientations concernant l’intégration de mesures centrées sur le patient (avec l’éducation axée sur l’autogestion, par exemple) dans les modèles interprofessionnels de soins du cancer.


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