PERSPECTIVES INTERNATIONALES Parler sexualité avec des patients atteints de cancer : regard croisé Canada-Afrique de professionnels de la santé

Johanna Maree, Margaret I. Fitch

Abstract


Le traitement du cancer peut grandement affecter la vie sexuelle d’une personne. Pourtant, les survivants du cancer signalent que très peu de professionnels de la santé abordent le sujet. Ces travaux ont été entrepris afin de mieux comprendre le dialogue entre les professionnels de la santé et les patients atteints de cancer au sujet de la sexualité. Ils visaient à identifier les obstacles au dialogue entre les patients et les fournisseurs de soins de santé et à proposer des façons de surmonter ces obstacles, dans des milieux cliniques achalandés. Au total, 34 professionnels de la santé du Canada et 27 infirmières d’Afrique ont pris part au groupe de discussion. Une analyse de contenu a révélé des similitudes en matière d’inconfort personnel face au sujet de discussion et au fait de ne pas se sentir prêt à en discuter avec les patients. Des différences marquées ont été notées entre les deux échantillons en ce qui a trait aux obstacles reliés à la culture et aux traditions. Les infirmières d’Afrique ont mentionné que des obstacles culturels importants, de la stigmatisation et de la discrimination influencent les discussions sur la sexualité avec les patients atteints de cancer, contrairement à leurs homologues du Canada.


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References


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