Les outils de cybersanté et les soins infirmiers en oncologie : perceptions infirmières et contributions aux soins des patients et à la pratique avancée

Garnet J. Lau, Carmen G. Loiselle

Abstract


Alors que les infirmières en oncologie voient leur discipline évoluer rapidement et la pression dans leur milieu de travail croître, l’intégration à la pratique de plateformes de santé en ligne fondées sur la recherche apparaît prometteuse. La présente étude explore les perceptions infirmières quant à l’utilité des outils de cybersanté en ciblant particulièrement l’outil de navigation interactive en oncologie, ou « Oncology Interactive Navigator » (OINMC), un instrument qui pourrait améliorer la pratique, de même que les interactions avec les patients. Des groupes de discussion avec des infirmières en oncologie ont été organisés à deux reprises : une fois avant l’exposition à l’OINMC (T1, n=8) puis après 4 semaines d’accès illimité (T2, n=7). Trois thèmes sont ressortis de l’analyse qualitative par comparaison constante : 1) les principaux facteurs propulsant la cybersanté sont multidimensionnels et en constante évolution; 2) la cybersanté répond aux besoins des patients et soutient la pratique, jouant ainsi un double rôle; 3) la cybersanté sert de catalyseur au perfectionnement professionnel et au réseautage. La cybersanté est attrayante pour les infirmières en oncologie, car elle permet à la fois de faire avancer la pratique et d’améliorer les soins aux patients. La recherche à venir devrait examiner les pratiques exemplaires permettant à tous les intervenants concernés de la mettre en œuvre de manière optimale.


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References


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