Besoins émotionnels et informationnels des femmes subissant une chirurgie ambulatoire pour un cancer du sein

Doreen E. Dawe, Lorna Bennett, Anne Kearney, Doreen Westera

Abstract


Cet article vise à présenter les constatations d’une étude qualitative sur les besoins émotionnels et informationnels des femmes ayant subi une chirurgie pour un cancer du sein et ce, dans un contexte ambulatoire. Dix-neuf femmes se sont portées volontaires pour l’étude. Les entrevues, qui duraient environ 60 minutes, ont fait l’objet d’un enregistrement sonore et d’une transcription mot à mot. Les données ont été soumises à une analyse de contenu selon les recommandations de Hsieh et Shannon (2005).

Les résultats sont organisés selon : 1) les besoins émotionnels et informationnels avant et immédiatement après la chirurgie; 2) les soutiens émotionnels et informationnels durant le rétablissement au domicile; 3) les réactions émotionnelles à l’expérience de chirurgie ambulatoire. Dans l’ensemble, les femmes étaient satisfaites de leur expérience de chirurgie ambulatoire pour le cancer du sein, mais plusieurs aspects méritent une attention plus soutenue tels que la quantité d’information et le moment choisi pour la fournir, les soins lors du congé et la nécessité d’un soutien et d’un suivi infirmiers communautaires uniformes.

Mots clés : cancer du sein, chirurgie ambulatoire, soins infirmiers, besoins émotionnels, besoins informationnels (besoins d’information)


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