Important issues in clinical practice: Perspectives of oncology nurses

Margaret I. Fitch, Debra Bakker, Michael Conlon

Abstract


As the 1990s draw to a close, the cancer care environment is undergoing rapid change. Many issues exist within the complex environment of cancer care that could create a challenge in providing quality nursing care to patients. This study examined the current challenges oncology nurses face in their daily practice. Surveys were mailed to members of the Canadian Association of Nurses in Oncology asking them to indicate on a list of 80 issues which were problems in their daily practice. From the responses of 249 oncology nurses, the following items were ranked as the top 10 problems: anxiety, coping/stress management, bereavement/death, fatigue, metastatic disease, comfort, pain control and management, quality of life, recurrence of primary cancer, and nurse burn-out. Principal component analysis was conducted to determine if patterns existed in the way problems had been rated. Five components explained 42% of the variance in the data set: comprehensive cancer care, communication, experience of loss, terminal illness, and signs and symptoms. Implications for nursing practice, education and research are highlighted.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Bakker, D.A. & Fitch, M.I. (1998). Oncology nursing research

priorities: A Canadian perspective. Cancer Nursing 25, 394-401.

Bram, P.J. & Katz, L.F. (1989). A study of burnout in nurses

working in hospice and hospital oncology settings. Oncology

Nursing Forum, 16(5):555-60.

Bramwell, L. (The London Nursing Research Consortium).

(1989). Cancer nursing: A problem-finding survey. Cancer

Nursing 12, 320-8.

Cohen, M.Z. & Sarter, B. (1992). Love and work: Oncology

nurses’ view of the meaning of their work. Oncology Nursing

Forum, 19, 1481-6.

Ferketich, S. & Muller, M. (1990). Factor analysis revisited.

Nursing Research, 30(1), 59-62.

Fitch, M.I. (1997). Status report on supportive care in oncology.

Toronto: Ontario Cancer Treatment and Research Foundation.

Fitch, M.I. (1998). Quality of life in oncology: Nurses’

perceptions, values and behaviors. Canadian Oncology Nursing

Journal, 8(1), 24-30.

Funkhouser, S.W. & Grant, M.M. (1989). 1988 ONS survey of

research priorities. Oncology Nursing Forum, 16, 413-416.

Gray, R.E., Greenberg, M., Fitch, M., Parry, N., Douglas, M.S. &

Labrecque, M. (1997). Perspectives of cancer survivors interested

in unconventional therapies. Journal of Psychosocial Oncology,

(3/4), 149-171.

Howell, D., Fitch, M.I. & Rechner, M. (in review). Oncology

nurses’ knowledge and attitudes regarding pain management.

McLeod, L. (1994). Crisis in waiting: Report of the Lynn

McLeod Task Force on cancer care. Toronto: Queens Park.

Mooney, K.H., Ferrell, B.R., Nail, L.M., Benedict, S.C. &

Haberman, R.M. (1991). Oncology Nursing Society research

priorities survey. Oncology Nursing Forum, 18(8), 1381-8.

National Cancer Institute Canada (NCIC). (1997). Canadian

cancer statistics. Toronto: Author.

Norman, G.R. & Streiner, D.L. (1994). Biostatistics: The bare

essentials. St. Louis: Mosby Year Book.

Ontario Ministry of Health. (1992-3). Ontario stakeholders in

cancer care (Forum Notes). Toronto: Queen’s Park.

Statistics Canada. (1993). Registered nurses management data

Ottawa: Author, Health Statistics Division.

Stetz, K.M., Haberman, M.R., Holcombe, J. & Jones, L.S. (1995).

Oncology nursing society research priorities survey. Oncology

Nursing Forum, 22, 785-789.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.