Soutien nutritionnel des patients recevant une chimio à hautes doses avec support de cellules souches hématopoïétiques

Sheryl McDiarmid

Abstract


La greffe de cellules souches hématopoïétiques (GCSH) est une thérapie intensive qui s’utilise de plus en plus pour essayer de traiter certains cancers. L’un des principaux effets indésirables de ce traitement est une absorption orale inadéquate qui peut entraîner la déshydratation et la dénutrition. Les facteurs qui peuvent causer une absorption orale inadéquate comprennent notamment les mucites, la nausée, les vomissements et l’anorexie. De plus, avant la greffe, de nombreux patients peuvent avoir éprouvé ou continué à éprouver une dénutrition associée au cancer et à son traitement.

Traditionnellement, la nutrition parentérale totale (NPT) était le soutien nutritionnel de choix pour cette population. L’équipe de greffe de moelle et de sang de l’Hôpital d’Ottawa a réduit de manière significative l’utilisation de la NPT en instituant un programme global de soutien nutritionnel qui fait appel à une gamme d’interventions dont la supplémentation orale et l’alimentation entérale.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Andrews, P.L.R., Rapeport, W.G., & Sanger, G. (1988).

Neuropharmacology of emesis induced by anticancer therapy.

Trends in Pharmacology Science, 9, 334-41.

ASPEN Board of Directors. (1987). Guidelines for the use of enteral

nutrition in the adult patient. JPEN, 11, 435-439.

Bloch, A. (1990). Nutrition Management of the Cancer Patient.

Rockland, ML: Aspen.

Bowers, S. (2000). All about tubes: Your guide to enteral feeding

devices. Nursing 2000, 30(12), 41-48.

Burchett, H. (1994). Nursing care of the tube-fed patient.

Nutritionall, 2(1), 6-7.

Cooper, S., & Georgiou, V. (1992). The impact of cytotoxic

chemotherapy - Perspectives from patients, specialists and nurses.

European Journal of Cancer, 28A, 536-38.

DeWys, W.D., & Pascucci-Cimino, M. (1978). Anorexia, taste

changes and diet in cancer. Comprehensive Therapy, 4, 7-12.

Grant, J.P. (1992). Handbook of Total Parenteral Nutrition (2nd

ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

Greenwood, J. (1994). Diarrhea in tube-fed patients. Nutritionall,

(1), 4-5.

Gulley, R.M., Vander Pleog N., & Gulley, J.M. (1993). Treatment of

hyperemesis gravidarum with nasogastric feeding. Nutrition in

Clinical Practice, 8(1), 33-35.

Hecht, J.R., Lembo, T., & Chap, L. (1997). Prolonged nausea and

vomiting after high dose chemotherapy and autologous peripheral

stem cell transplantation in the treatment of high risk breast

carcinoma. Cancer, 79, 1698-1702.

Heinburger, D.C., & Weinser, R.L. (1997). Handbook of Clinical

Nutrition (3rd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Herrmann, V.M., & Petruska, F.J. (1993). Nutritional support in BMT

recipients. Nutrition in Clinical Practice, 8(1), 19-27.

Johansson, C., Backman, L., & Jakobsson, L. (1996). Is enteral

nutrition used in hospital patients: A study of the practice of

nutrition in a Swedish hospital. Clinical Nutrition, 15, 171-174.

Kaminski, M., & Blumeyer, T. (1993). Metabolic and nutritional

support of the intensive care patient: Ascending the learning curve.

Critical Care Clinics, 9(2), 363-76.

Mainous, M., Block, E., & Deitch, E. (1994). Nutritional support of

the gut, how and why. New Horizons, 2(2), 193-210.

Mattes, R.D., Arnold, C., & Boraas, M. (1987). Management of

learned food aversion in cancer patients receiving chemotherapy.

Cancer Treatment Reports, 71, 1071-78.

Mattox, T.W. (1999). Specialized nutrition management of patients

receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Nutrition in

Clinical Practice, 14, 5-15.

Morrow, G.R., Lindke, J., & Black, P.M. (1991). Predicting

development of anticipatory nausea in cancer patients: Prospective

examination of eight clinical characteristics. Journal of Pain &

Symptom Management, 6(4), 215-23.

Nebel, O.T., Fornes, M.F., & Castell, D.O. (1976). Symptomatic

gastroesophageal reflux: Incidence and precipitating factors.

American Journal of Digestive Diseases, 21, 953-956.

Nixon, D.W., Heymsfield, S.B., Cohen, A.E., Kutner, M.H., Ansley,

J., Lawson, D.H., & Rudman, D. (1980). Protein calorie

undernutrition in hospitalized cancer patients. American Journal

of Medicine, 68, 683.

Ottery, F.D. (1995). Supportive nutrition to prevent cachexia and

improve quality of life. Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 22(2),

S3, 98-111.

Ottery, F.D. (2000). Patient-generated subjective global assessment.

In P.D. McCallum & C.G. Polisena (Eds.), The clinical guide to

oncology nutrition (pp. 236-252). Chicago: American Dietetic

Society.

Otto, S. (1994). Oncology Nursing. St. Louis, MO: Mosby.

Phillips, M., & Olsen, L. (1993). The immunologic role of the

gastrointestinal tract. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North

America, 5(1), 107-120.

Reilly, H.M., Martineau, J.K., Moran, A., & Kennedy, H. (1995).

Nutritional screening: Evaluation and implementation of a simple

nutrition risk score. Clinical Nutrition 14, 269-273.

Rhodes, V., Johnson, M., & McDaniel, R. (1995). Nausea, vomiting

and retching: The management of the symptom experience.

Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 11(4), 256-265.

Ross, B. (1990). Cancer’s impact on the nutrition status of patients. In

A. Bloch (Ed.), Nutrition Management of the Cancer Patient

(pp. 11-13). Rockland, ML: Aspen.

Souba, W.W. (1997). Nutritional Support. The New England

Journal of Medicine, 336(1), 41-48.

Sullivan, D.H. (1995). The role of nutrition in increased morbidity

and mortality. Clinical Geriatric Medicine, 11, 661-674.

Szeluga, D.J., Stuart, R.K., Brookmeyer, R., Utermohlen, V., &

Santos, G.W. (1987). Nutritional support of bone marrow

transplant recipients: A prospective randomized clinical trail

comparing total parenteral nutrition to an enteral feeding program.

Cancer Research, 47, 3309-3316.

Thomas, S. (1994). Gastrointestinal complications: Diarrhea and high

gastric residuals. In B. Borlase, S. Bell, G. Blackburn, & R. Forse

(Eds.), Enteral Nutrition (pp. 188-192). New York: Chapman &

Hall.

Trujillo, E.B., & Queen, P. (1994). Transition feeding. In B. Borlase,

S. Bell, G. Blackburn, & R. Forse (Eds.), Enteral Nutrition (pp.

- 114). New York: Chapman & Hall.

Vaughn, T.L., & McTierman, A. (1986). Diet in the etiology of cancer.

Seminars in Oncology Nursing, 2(1), 3-13.

Weisdorf, S., Hofland, C., & Sharp, H.L. (1984). Total parenteral

nutrition in bone marrow transplantation: A clinical evaluation.

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, 3, 95-

Wickham, R.S., Rehwaldt, M., Kefer, C., Shott, S., Abbas, K., Glynn-

Tucker, E., Potter, C., & Blendowski, C. (1999). Taste changes

experienced by patients receiving chemotherapy. Oncology

Nursing Forum, 26(4), 697-710.

Wilmore, D.W., Smith R.J., & Odwyer, S.T. (1988). The gut: A central

organ after surgical stress. Surgery, 104, 917-928.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.