Les arts visuels et la promotion de la santé du sein: Points de vue d’artistes

Barbara Thomas, Renée S. Marshall, Susan B. Gold/Smith, Anne Forrest

Abstract


Nous devons disposer de méthodes spécialement conçues si nous souhaitons répondre aux besoins de certaines populations en matière de promotion de la santé. Cette étude présente une approche pluridisciplinaire née des efforts coopératifs de personnes oeuvrant dans les domaines des sciences infirmières, des arts visuels et des études de la femme, le but de cette approche étant de promouvoir la santé du sein au moyen des arts visuels. L’objectif de cet article est de décrire le projet du point de vue des artistes, d’approfondir la compréhension de la santé du sein et de comprendre l’utilité des arts visuels en tant qu’outils de promotion de la santé. Nous avons adopté un protocole d’entrevue structurée et avons soumis les données d’entrevue à une analyse thématique. Les trois principaux thèmes qui se sont dégagés étaient les suivants: 1) un lien personnel fort avec le cancer du sein et la perception de la menace du cancer; 2) le besoin et le désir de promouvoir la santé au sein de la collectivité; 3) la nature unidimensionnelle du cancer du sein et de la santé du sein. Les entrevues ont révélé que les arts visuels constituent une méthode de promotion de la santé du sein à la fois novatrice et adaptative.


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