Le vécu des femmes atteintes de cancer : résultats d’une étude phénoménologique exprimés par l’intermédiaire de la poésie

Lynne Duffy, Catherine Aquino-Russell

Abstract


On constate, au Canada, une augmentation des taux de cancer chez les femmes ayant entre 22 et 44 ans. L’amélioration du temps de survie et l’accroissement des choix de traitement posent de nouveaux défis. Pourtant, peu de recherches ont été réalisées en vue de mettre au jour l’expérience vécue des survivantes à long terme. Cette étude pilote décrit la signification de l’expérience du cancer chez trois Canadiennes dont le diagnostic remontait à plus de quatre ans. Le processus d’enquête reposait sur la méthode phénoménologique descriptive de Giorgi guidant l’analyse-synthèse d’une description structurale générale (la signification de l’expérience). Les résultats ont fait l’objet d’une interprétation créative par la poésie afin de rehausser la compréhension du vécu du cancer. Chaque section du poème est examinée à la lumière des écrits professionnels en vue d’encourager les infirmières et d’autres professionnels de la santé à considérer l’importance d’une compréhension approfondie des expériences vécues par les patients et des significations qu’ils leur donnent et ce, dans le but de dispenser à ces derniers des soins optimaux, holistiques et personnalisés.


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