Besoins en soins de soutien des femmes atteintes de cancer du poumon

Margaret I. Fitch, Rose Steele

Abstract


Le principal objectif de cette étude exploratoire était de cerner les besoins en soins de soutien des femmes atteintes de cancer du poumon qui fréquentent un centre régional de cancérologie ambulatoire. L’incidence du cancer du poumon dépasse le domaine physique chez les personnes diagnostiquées de cette maladie et pourtant, relativement peu d’écrits portent sur leurs besoins en matière de soins de soutien, mis à part ceux qui concernent la prise en charge des symptômes.

Trente-quatre femmes diagnostiquées d’un cancer du poumon ont participé à cette étude exploratoire en remplissant un questionnaire d'autoévaluation (Enquête sur les besoins en matière de soins de soutien). Les données ainsi obtenues montraient clairement que ce groupe de femmes manifeste un large éventail de besoins et que bon nombre d’entre eux demeurent insatisfaits. Les besoins le plus fréquemment mentionnés étaient le manque d’énergie, la douleur et l’inquiétude concernant les proches. Les patientes relataient les difficultés qu’elles rencontraient sur le plan de la gestion de leurs besoins et beaucoup éprouvaient de la détresse émotionnelle du fait de ces difficultés. Des suggestions relatives à la pratique et aux futures études de recherche sont présentées afin d’aider les infirmières en oncologie à dispenser des soins optimaux à ce groupe de patientes.


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