Intérêts de l’intégration précoce de soins palliatifs aux soins oncologiques : une revue rapide des écrits 

Asma Fadhlaoui, Hazar Mrad, Billy Vinette, Karine Bilodeau

Abstract


Devant le nombre grandissant de personnes diagnostiquées d’un cancer et de décès qui y sont associés, les soins palliatifs gagnent en importance pour améliorer la qualité de vie et soutenir la personne et sa famille durant leurs expériences de santé. Dans ce contexte, l’intégration précoce des soins palliatifs aux soins oncologiques standards semble être une approche sous-utilisée et novatrice qui pourrait répondre aux besoins spécifiques de la clientèle oncologique palliative. Les infirmières en oncologie doivent assumer un rôle crucial en dispensant des soins tout au long de la trajectoire de la maladie, soins palliatifs compris. Le but de cette revue rapide est de synthétiser et présenter les avantages des interventions de soins palliatifs précoces et de décrire leurs caractéristiques. La recherche documentaire sur CINAHL et PubMed a fait ressortir cinq essais randomisés réalisés entre 2010 et 2018, qui ont été analysés. La majorité des études sélectionnées ont conclu que l’intégration précoce des soins palliatifs aux soins oncologiques standards, tels que la chimiothérapie et la radiothérapie, permettrait d’améliorer la qualité de vie, les symptômes anxiodépressifs et la survie globale.

Mots-clés : soins palliatifs, soins palliatifs précoces, intervention, cancer, oncologie 


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References


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