Vers un accès équitable aux soins oncologiques pour les peuples autochtones du Canada : implications pour la pratique infirmière

Tara Horrill


Les peuples autochtones du Canada ne disposent pas d’un accès équitable aux soins de santé et aux soins oncologiques à cause de facteurs sociaux, économiques, historiques et politiques qui se recoupent tous les uns les autres, et auxquels s’ajoutent éventuellement le racisme, les préjugés et la discrimination qu’ils subissent dans le système de santé. Le but du présent article est de faire ressortir certains des obstacles empêchant un accès équitable aux soins oncologiques, de présenter les recherches portant sur ces mêmes obstacles vus selon la perspective des infirmières en oncologie et le rôle qu’elles jouent pour les abolir, et de décrire les implications pour la pratique infirmière. Plus important encore, la question de l’accès aux soins est rarement abordée sous l’angle du rôle des infirmières. Cet article se veut un espace pour souligner le précieux travail des infirmières en oncologie et pour examiner comment et où nous pourrions, comme profession, mieux combattre les inégalités d’accès aux soins oncologiques pour les peuples autochtones.

Mots clés : peuples autochtones, services de santé, accessibilité des soins de santé, soins infirmiers, équité en matière de santé, sécurisation culturelle, soins axés sur l’équité

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