Synthesis of self-management strategies used by young adults who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation: A narrative review

Billy Vinette, Hazar Mrad, Ali El-Akhras, Karine Bilodeau

Abstract


Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is frequently used to treat young adults with hematologic cancer. The treatment can cause a range of side effects that require patients to self-manage their symptoms. However, there do not seem to be any studies that review the literature on self-management strategies used by this group. The purpose of this paper is to summarize the self-management strategies used by young adults (18–39 years old) who have received a hematopoietic stem cell transplant for leukemia or lymphoma. A narrative review conducted in the CINAHL, MEDLINE and PsycINFO databases returned 11 papers. An analysis of these data shows that young adults use self-management strategies, including managing their emotions, turning to spiritual beliefs, seeking support from others and changing their behaviours. The results stress the importance of nursing care in supporting these self-management strategies used by young adults who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.


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References


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