Tournés vers l’avenir : Élaboration du Cadre des connaissances et de la pratique en soins infirmiers contre le cancer

Allyson Nowell, Colleen Campbell

Abstract


L’Association canadienne des infirmières en oncologie (ACIO/CANO) est l’organisation nationale qui soutient les infirmières afin de favoriser l’excellence dans la pratique infirmière, l’enseignement, la recherche et le leadership en oncologie. Pour soutenir sa mission, l’ACIO/CANO a élaboré des normes de soins pour les patients atteints de cancer ainsi que des normes et des compétences pour les infirmières en oncologie prenant soin de ces personnes (CANO/ACIO, 2001, 2006). Depuis la création des premières normes de soins infirmiers spécialisés en oncologie en 2006, les soins contre le cancer ont changé considérablement, notamment avec la multiplication des occurrences et de la prévalence du cancer, l’émergence de nouveaux traitements contre le cancer comme les agents par voie orale, de même que la transition des soins contre le cancer hors des centres spécialisés de traitement (CCS/SCC, 2019). Compte tenu du paysage en mutation de la pratique infirmière, l’ACIO/CANO a entrepris de mettre à jour ses normes dans le but d’y intégrer les infirmières de tous les milieux prenant soin de patients et de familles touchés par le cancer. Dans l’exercice, les spécialistes ont relevé le besoin d’établir un cadre national de soins infirmiers pour mieux intégrer ces mises à jour et brosser un tableau de la contribution infirmière aux soins oncologiques de grande qualité. Le présent article décrit le processus suivi par l’ACIO/CANO pour élaborer le Cadre des connaissances et de la pratique en soins infirmiers contre le cancer.


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