The effects of quantum psychological relaxation technique on self-acceptance in patients with breast cancer

Ni Made Merlin, A Anggorowati, Chandra Bagus Ropyanto


Background: Psychological, as well as physical effects of a disease, and side effects of medications can influence the self-acceptance of patients. Low self-acceptance can lead patients to drop out of their therapy schedule and return to the hospital several months later in much worse condition. This study aimed to investigate the effects of quantum psychological relaxation technique on self-acceptance in breast cancer patients. 

Methods: This study used a pre-post quasi-experimental design with a control group. The sample included 64 respondents selected using a consecutive sampling technique and divided into two groups: intervention group (n=32) and control group (n=32). The quantum psychological relaxation technique was administered in two phases with three sessions for each phase. Six sessions  were estimated at 90-120 minutes and 15–20 minutes for each. The data on patients’ self-acceptance were collected using the Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS) questionnaire and were statistically analyzed using t-test and Wilcoxon test. 

Results: Self-acceptance in the intervention group increased after being given the intervention with a p-value <0.001. However, in the control group there was no significant increase in self-acceptance with a p-value >0.005

Conclusions: The quantum psychological relaxation technique had an effect on the self-acceptance of breast cancer patients. 

Recommendation: Further studies of the effects of quantum psychological relaxation technique on depression and life quality of patients need to be conducted. 

Key words: breast cancer, quantum psychological relaxation technique, self-acceptance

Full Text:



Adamski, A. (2008). Percepcja muzyki, jej wymiar w sztuce i psychologii kwantowej. Bielsko-Biala: Compal.

Bien, A., Rzonca, E., Kanczugowska, A., & Iwanowicz-Palus, G. (2016). Factors affecting the quality of life and the illness acceptance of pregnant women with diabetes. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 13(68), 1–13.

Black, J. M., & Hawks, J. H. (2008). Medical surgical nursing clinical management for continuity of care (8th ed.). Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Company.

Bulechek, G. M., Butcher, H. K., Dochterman, J. M., & Wagner, C. M. (2013). Nursing Interventions Classification (6th ed.). Singapore: Elsevier Ltd.

Cancer Care. (2012). Relaxation techniques and mind/body practices: How they can help you cope with cancer. New York: Cancer Care.

Chen, S.Q., Liu, J. E., Zhang, Z. X. & Li, Z. (2017). Self-acceptance and associated factors. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 11(12), 1516–1523.

Cipora, E., Konieczny, M., & Sobieszczanski, J. (2018). Acceptance of illness by women with breast cancer. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine, 25(1), 167–171.

Czerw, A., Religioni, U., & Deptala, A. (2016). Assessment of pain, acceptance of illness, adjustment to life with cancer and coping strategies in breast cancer patients. Breast Cancer, 23(4), 654–661.

Czerw, A. I., Religioni, U., Deptala, A., & Walewska-Zielecka, B. (2016). Assessment of pain, acceptance of illness, adjustment to life with cancer, and coping strategies in colorectal cancer patients. Gastroenterology Rev, 11(2), 96–103.

Dilworth, S., Higgins, I., Parker, V., Kelly, B., & Turner, J. (2014). Patient and health professional’s perceived barriers to the delivery of psychosocial care to adults with cancer: A systematic review. Psycho-Oncology, 23(6), 601–612.

Grochans, E., Wieder-Huszla, S., Jurczak, A., Stanislawska, M., Janic, E., & Szych, Z. (2009). Wsparcie emocjonalne jako wyznacznik kakosci opieki pielegniarskiej. Probl Hig Epidemiol, 90(2), 236–239.

Hempel, D., Politynska, B., Danilewicz, A., Sierko, E., & Wojtukiewicz, M. Z. (2015). Psychological, physical, and social situation of patients with Hodgkin lymphoma undergoing radical chemoradiotherapy. Prog Health Sci, 5(2), 69–76.

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. (2015). Pusat Data dan Informasi Kesehatan. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI.

Kolcaba, K., Tilton, C., & Drouin, C. (2009). Comfort theory: A unifying framework to enhance the practice environment. Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(11), 538–544.

Martins, G., Cunha, S., & Coelho, R. (2005). Estudo da aceitacao incapacidade em doentes com insuficiência renal crónica : comparacao de duas escalas. Revista Portuguesa de Psicossomatica, 7(1–2), 53–58.

Mermer, G., Nazli, A., & Ceber, E. (2016). Social perceptions of breast cancer by women still undergoing or having completed therapy: A qualitative study. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 17(2), 503–510.

Moorhead, S., Johnson, M., Maas, M. L., & Swanson, E. (2013). Nursing outcomes classification (5th ed.). Jakarta: Elsevier Inc.

Oshins, E. (1995). Quantum psychology and the metalogic of second order change. In Chapter 21 of Propagations: Thirty years of influence from the Mental Research Institute (pp. 253–276). New York: The Haworth Press.

Oshins, E. (2013). What is quantum psychology. New York: Quantum Psychology Institute.

Ryckman, R. M. (2008). Theories of personality (9th ed.). USA: Thomson Wadsworth.

Sari, A. D. K., & Subandi. (2015). Pelatihan teknik relaksasi untuk menurunkan kecemasan pada primary caregiver penderita kanker payudara. Gadjah Mada Journal of Professional Psychology, 1(3), 173–192.

Tang, S. T., Chang, W. C., Chen, J. S., Chou, W. C., Hsieh, C. H., & Chen, C. H. (2016). Associations of prognostic awareness/acceptance with psychological distress, existential suffering, and quality of life in terminally ill cancer patients’ last year of life. Psycho-Oncology, 462(25), 455–462.

Wolinsky, S. (2000). The beginner’s guide to quantum psychology. California: Cordon Art BV.

Zarzycka, J., Kobos, E., Czarnecka, J., & Imiela, J. (2015). Social support and the acceptance of illness among patients with a tracheostomy tube. Journal of Public Health, Nursing and Medical Rescue, 1(1), 17–25.


  • There are currently no refbacks.