INTERNATIONAL COLUMN Knowledge regarding cervical cancer among undergraduate female students at a selected college of Lalitpur, Nepal

Rachana K.C., Rita Giri


Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women living in less developed regions. In Nepal, little is known regarding the knowledge of cervical cancer in female young adults. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted to find out the knowledge regarding cervical cancer among undergraduate female students. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information from a non-probability sample of 150 female students from Little Angels College of Management in Lalitpur, Nepal. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Among the respondents, the mean age was 19.3 ± 1.1 years. Almost all (95%) of the respondents had inadequate knowledge regarding cervical cancer. Fifty-six percent of the respondents knew the meaning of cervical cancer and 35% of the respondents had an average knowledge about risk factors. Almost two-thirds of the students knew that cervical cancer is preventable. Regarding the preventive measures, good hygiene was identified by 68.5% of respondents followed by HPV vaccine 38.3%, using condom 19.5%, and Pap smear test 8.7%. The knowledge about HPV vaccine was only told by 11.3% of respondents. There was no statistically significant association between knowledge with selected variables (age, religion, ethnicity, family income, smoking and sexual practice) in the study.

Based on the findings, it is concluded that female students had inadequate knowledge regarding cervical cancer. This result reflects the need for health awareness campaigns to the students and community regarding cervical cancer, including the symptoms, causes, risk factors and preventive measures. 

Full Text:



Al-Sheikh, G.K., Abnussaed, E.M., Fayed, A.A., Khan, F.H., Syed, S.B., Al-Taminni, T.N., & Elmorshedy, H.N. (2014). Knowledge of Saudi female university students regarding cervical cancer and acceptance of the Human papilloma virus vaccine. Saudi Medical Journal, 35(10), 1223–1230. doi:10.15537/smj.2015.2.11250

Centers for Disease Control. (2016, June 20). Cervical cancer statistics. Retrieved from http:/

Chintamani. (2011). Lewis’s Medical and Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems (7th ed.). Elsevier: India Pvt ltd.

Dangal, G. (2012). Cervical Cancer and HPV Vaccine in Nepal: Issues and challenges. Nepal Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 6(2). doi:10.3126/njog.v6i2.6761

ICO Information Centre on HPV and Cancer. (2016). Human Papillomavirus and related diseases report Nepal. Retrieved from Institut Catalàd’Oncologia.

Kalau, E.K. (2012). Knowledge about human papillomavirus, Human papillomavirus vaccine and cervical cancer among Female students at the University of Witwatersrand and their sexual practice. Retrieved from

Rao, A., Heathcote, C., Jackson, M., & Rousseau, I. (2015, October 1). What is Cervical Cancer? - Cancer Council Victoria. Retrieved from

Rashwan, H., Ishak, I., & Sawalludin, N. (2013). Knowledge and views of secondary school students in Kuala Lumpur on cervical cancer and its prevention. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 14. Retrieved from 10:7314/apjcp.2013.14.4.2545

Saha, A., Chaudhary, A.N., Bhowmik, P., & Chatterjee, R. (2010). Awareness of cervical cancer among female students of Premier Colleges in Kolkata, India. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 11, 1085–1089. Retrieved from

Sherpa, A.T., Karki, B.S., Sundby, J., Nygard, M., Franceschii, S., & Clifford, G. (2015). Population based study of cervical cancer screening in Bharatpur, Nepal. J. Manmohan Memorial Inst. Health. Sci, 1(4). doi:10.3126/jmmihs.v1i4.11994

World Health Organization. (2014). New WHO guide to prevent and control cervical cancer. Retrieved from

World Health Organization. (2016, June). WHO | Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Retrieved from


  • There are currently no refbacks.